Obstetrics and gynecology are two different terms that provide medical facilities in specific fields. Both of these medical specialties serve on two different aspects of the female reproductive system. Many people cannot differentiate between both of these terms and they got confused.
Now, Canwinn Foundation will discuss the difference between gynecology and obstetrics. However, both of them deal in women’s health conditions differently, sometimes those conditions may require to work of both of them.
The doctor who handles and takes care of the pregnant woman and her unborn baby is known as an obstetrician. An obstetrician specializes in the same field. The specialist of pregnant women and Unborn babies are specially trained to maintain and deal with various potential complications.
In other words, they have been trained to deal with the situations that can occur during pregnancy and the birthing process. The training and specialization of an obstetrician involves:
Ectopic pregnancy: it is the kind of pregnancy that involves fetus growth outside of the uterus
Fetal distress: an obstetrician works includes to handle fetal distress. Fetal distress is the sign that indicates the abnormal functioning of a fetus before and during childbirth
Placenta issues: an obstetrician also trained to deals in placenta issues
High blood pressure: this involves often a precursor to pre-eclampsia that is a potentially serious condition
From the stage of conception to delivery to the Postpartum period, an obstetrician specialized in guiding a mother safely through this entire experience.
There are several other services that an obstetrician is trained to deal in:
Fetal diagnostic procedures
NICU care (this may also be handled by a pediatrician)
Gynecologist doctor that is specialized in dealing with nonpregnancy traits of a woman’s reproductive health.
A female can approach Gynecologist when she becomes sexually active and at the onset of puberty. For instance, a woman can begin seeing gynecologists through Menopause and beyond.
For female’s health conditions, regular gynecological exams are very crucial.
The doctor strives to take standard examinations like pelvic exams and Pap tests. For the diagnoses and treatments, Gynecologist can also be visited for the conditions like:
Cancer of the ovaries, uterus, cervix, vagina or fallopian tubes
Prolapse: it is a kind of condition that involves the pelvic organs slip forward or downward within the body. This condition often occurs after menopause in women
Yeast or bacterial infections
Irregular menstruation or extreme pain during menstruation
Other menopause-related diseases
Endometriosis: it is a condition that is very painful. What happens in Endometriosis is uterine tissue grows outside the uterus
Cervical and vaginal polyps
Fibroids: Fibroids are a kind of compact tumors that develop in the uterus
Moreover, a gynecologist also trained to perform surgical procedures on reproductive organs. The most popular and common procedures involve:
Hysterectomy: Removal of the uterus
Oophorectomy: Removal of the ovaries
Salpingectomy: Removal of the fallopian tubes
Tubal ligation: Permanent birth control surgery
Cone biopsy: Removal of precancerous cells from the cervix after a Pap test
Labiaplasty: Surgical reshaping of external genitalia
Above all, there are many conditions of women that combine the specialties of both obstetricians and gynecologists. It is because they both can offer more comprehensive women’s care. An overall disease that comes for gynecology and obstetrics are as follows:
HELLP Syndrome in Pregnancy,
Gallbladder disorder in post and pre-pregnancy,
Cosmetology in the vagina,
Drug Treatment in Gynecologic Oncology,
Schiller Duval bodies,
Sexual Transmitted Disease,
Sad sounding chords,
Polycystic ovary syndrome,
Fallopian tube cancer,
Stay connected with Canwinn Foundation for more updates!