Kidney failure is a pathological condition in which the kidney cannot cope up with its assigned function. Their ability to control fluid in the body, electrolyte levels, acid-base balance, formation and excretion of urine is partially or completely lost. As a result, it can also lead to severe violations of the body's water-salt and osmotic homeostasis, which leads to secondary damage to all body systems.
Etiology of kidney failure
Kidney failure can be caused by multiple diseases of the kidneys, urinary tract, or other organs:
Kidney failure symptoms:
Symptoms of renal failure include a decrease in urine volume, even if it may not change in some cases. Water retention, drowsiness, shortness of breath if fluids accumulate in the lungs, swelling of the legs, ankles, feet, fatigue, convulsions, or coma (in severe cases).
Kidney failure develops gradually over time, and patients suffering from it can get confused with symptoms of other diseases. Usually, they become evident when the resulting damage becomes irreversible and may include: nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite, fatigue and weakness, sleep disturbance, decreased urine output.
Kidney failure treatment:
A nephrologist carries out kidney treatment, and much depends on the immediate cause of chronic renal failure. If the patient is suffering from other diseases, treatment is carried out in conjunction with other specialists.
Treatment is divided into two types:
Conservative treatment includes:
Active treatment includes:
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