Heart Attack Disease

For the successful detection and treatment of heart diseases, the medical timeline of the patient becomes extremely necessary. This becomes much more important for patients suffering from acute conditions.

In India, around 4.50 million people have developed a heart attack, and 28,005 die from it. Heart attacks can be very dangerous, in most cases, death occurs in the first minutes and hours from the onset of the attack. In addition, it can happen anytime, anywhere, be it home, at work, in public and other places, sometimes even before the arrival of an Ambulance.

Heart attack and its main causes:

A heart attack results from a blockage in a coronary artery that helps circulate blood to the heart. This weakened blood flow can cause heart-attack symptoms and damage the heart muscle.

Heart Attack Symptoms

Common signs and symptoms of a heart attack includes

  • In the early stages, a patient can suffer from Chest pain or discomfort (angina). It comprises tightness, fullness, or pain in the center part of the chest. During a heart attack, the pain normally lasts for a few minutes with varied intensity.
  • Discomfort in the upper body, including the arms, back, neck, jaw, or abdomen.
  • Difficulty in breathing.3
  • Dizziness or fainting.
  • Cold sweat.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Women are less likely to have chest pain.

Treatment

Treatments for heart attack includes:

  • Easing pain and discomfort with medicines like nitroglycerin or morphine.
  • Oxygen therapy.
  • Correction of arrhythmia (abnormal heart rhythm).
  • Preventing further blood clotting using aspirin or clopidogrel and anticoagulants such as heparin.
  • The opening of the artery in which the blood flow is disturbed should be corrected as soon as possible by performing angioplasty or with the help of drugs that dissolve the blood clot.
  • Calcium channel blockers or angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors are prescribed to improve the coronary arteries and heart muscle.

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