Coma Treatment

Coma is a dangerous condition in which the patient remains unconscious for years. It causes a complete shutdown of consciousness without signs of mental life. Coma comes from a Greek word meaning deep sleep. However, it is in stark contrast to even deep sleep. Periods of sleep can be interrupted using external stimuli, and a person can fall asleep again. While in a coma, no irritation can bring the patient to consciousness and if the patient is not treated in time, a coma can be fatal.

Coma is not an independent disease. It manifests itself as a development of the underlying disease, trauma, or other factors that have caused disruptions in the parts of the brain and central nervous system.

The reasons

A variety of reasons can cause a coma, and the most common are the following:

  • infectious diseases of the brain,

  • hormonal imbalances and diseases associated with the hormonal system (diabetes),

  • decreased electrolytes and dehydration,

  • mechanical damage to the brain, trauma to the skull, 

  • brain damage from lack of oxygen,

  • overdose of alcohol, drugs or certain medicinal substances,

  • electric shock

  • strong overheating,

  • stroke.

Symptoms

The symptoms of a coma can vary according to its stage.

Pre-Coma Symptoms: 

  • confusion of consciousness;

  • moderate stuntedness;

  • lethargy;

  • drowsiness;

  • mental states;

  • movement coordination disorder;

  • preserved reflexes;

Coma Symptoms:

  • sleep or stupor;

  • severe stuntedness;

  • inhibition of reactions;

  • inability to perform movements;

  • a patient may / may not swallow liquid food or water;

  • inability to make a turn while sleeping;

  • abnormal breathing;

  • hypothermia;

Treatment

Treatment must be carried out in a hospital setting, depending on the causes. Coma treatment consists of:

  • usage of drugs that promotes blood circulation and respiration, stop vomiting;

  • cleansing of blood;

  • anticonvulsants;

  • artificial ventilation of the lungs;

  • surgical intervention of a neurosurgeon;

  • a surgeon carries out surgical treatment (for head and neck injuries);

  • drugs that force diuresis (with intoxication);

  • usage of insulin or glucose (for diabetic coma);

  • the use of an antidote (in case of an overdose);

  • tracheal intubation;

  • antibiotic therapy;

  • the introduction of thiamine (with hypovitaminosis);

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