Bronchial asthma is a chronic disease that predominantly affects normal breathing by narrowing the airways leading to the lungs. In the latter stages, it may cause repeated attacks of suffocation and shortness of breath. However, about 50% of children with the right treatment can easily get rid of asthma before reaching their adulthood.
Bronchial asthma is a disease manifested due to a negative impact on the respiratory tract cells because of various pathological factors, such as allergens. For combatting the action of these allergens, narrowing (obstruction) of the bronchi develops, which subsequently disrupts normal air exchange. It results in a feeling of lack of air, shortness of breath, wheezing, coughing, a feeling of congestion in the chest, heavy breathing, etc. Over the past decades, the number of asthma has increased, and today there are about 15–20 million asthmatics in India.
Factors contributing to the development of asthma
Generally, hypersensitivity to irritants can cause asthma, and often, such a stimulus is an allergen. Asthma can be associated with both hereditary predisposition and environmental factors :
The internal causes of the disease includes:
External reasons include:
The symptoms of asthma
The manifestations of asthma are associated with difficulty in breathing. But there can be many other symptoms amplifying the presence of provoking factors.
Treatment of asthma is prescribed following the severity and duration of the disease, including basic and symptomatic methods. Unfortunately, it is not possible to completely cure asthma and to get rid of the disease forever. However, well-chosen drug therapy from a specialist can help you control the course of the disease with drugs and minimize the relieving the severity and frequency of attacks.
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